Category:London, Midland and Scottish Railway

From The Brighton Toy and Model Index

London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) The London, Midland and Scottish Railway was the largest of the 'Big Four' railway companies formed in the 1923 grouping. This railway was formed of the London & North Western Railway, the Caledonian Railway, the Lancashire & Yorkshire Railway, and the Midland Railway. It was never as profitable as the other companies but it was a big venture: the British Empire's biggest commercial enterprise, the UK's second largest employer and, at one point, the largest transport organisation in the world. Based at Euston, the LMS operated up the west coast of England, through the Midlands, over the Pennines and up past Glasgow.


In the beginning, the LMS favoured smaller, lighter locomotives, such as the L&YR’s 0-6-0s and Henry Fowler’s ‘Compound’ 4-4-0 and ‘Jinty’ tank engine. This way they could run smaller trains more frequently, and larger ones could be double-headed if needed. But this did not prove cost-effective, and even two of these locos struggled over the steep inclines of the Settle-Carlisle line and Beattock Summit. So some the slightly larger 4-6-0 ‘Patriot’ and ‘Royal Scot’ classes emerged. But when William Stanier became Chief Mechanical Engineer in 1932, the LMS became a competitor in locomotive power. A former works manager for the Great Western Railway, Stanier designed the railway’s first 4-6-2s: the ‘Princess Royal’ and ‘Princess Coronation.’ The ‘Coronations’ in particular were more powerful than the diesels that replaced them. Stanier’s locos were fast too. The original loco “6220 ‘Coronation’” achieved a land speed record of 114 mph on a press run in 1937.


The LMS ran a large number of passenger services to Scotland. ‘The Royal Scot’ was inherited from the LNWR, and ran from Euston to Glasgow. The ‘Coronation Scot,’ commissioned in 1937 to commemorate the crowning of George VI, was noted for its use of streamlined ‘Coronation’ locos, with an art deco blue and silver cheat-striped livery.


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