Category:Minic Vehicles

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Tri-Ang Minic Clockwork Toys, Triang Minic (MinicCat 1937).jpg

Minic Vehicles

1935 - 1950s

Triang's range of MINIC-branded metal model road vehicles appeared in the June 1935 issue of Meccano Magazine, and continued to sell through the 1940s and 1950s.

Anomalously, the Minic range of vehicles doesn't seem to have been given its own name or sub-brand (unlike Minic Ships), they were simply sold as "Triang Minic", without a qualifier (although "Minic Transport" did keep appearing as a fictitious haulage company mentioned on some of the models' signage). It's been suggested that MINIC was meant to stand for "Mini Clockwork", and while there are some notable exceptions to the rule (e.g. Minic Ships), this does seem to have been the guiding principle for most of the Minic range, and certainly for the vehicles - while some of the larger plastic cars were originally produced with rubber-band drive under the Tri-ang Penguin brandname, they became part of the Minic range once they were reengineered to take clockwork (or, stretchimg a point "Push and Go" friction drive) motors.

1937 Tri-ang catalogue graphic: MINIC All To Scale Clockwork Toys

In keeping with the museum's focus on 1930s technology, the Minic road vehicles that we have in the museum are all from the classic "1930s" range, and from its post-war continuation – we don't currently keep the later plastic-bodied versions.

Construction

Initially, the Minic road vehicles were produced using painted tinplate with a "tab and slot" assembly method, and although it's common nowadays to look down on tinplate cars and to expect them to be more "toyish" than models produced with more modern methods, tinplate allowed more precise scalings for very thin parts such as windowframes and wheelarch edges - areas where a designer creating for plastic mouldings or cast metal would have to make the parts artificially "fat" so that they could be produced reliably and wouldn't be prone to breakage.

The result with the Minic range was a set of models that were startlingly realistic when viewed up-close, and the pack artwork for the Minic vehicle range stressed the degree of accuracy - "All to Scale". The models were even more desirable (and impressive) when one realised that each one managed to incorporate a clockwork motor.

Clockwork motors and drive variations

The Minic series clockwork motors were specially designed to allow modification for different gearings, so that, for instance, a racing car ran faster than an conventional car. The steamroller's mechanism was geared to run slowly, and it would actually halt and then reverse, just like a real roller driving back and forth over a section of road surface to flatten it. The "Learner Car" was distinguished not just by its "L -plate", but by having a deliberately misaligned back axle and almost gripless tinplate back types, so that the car skidded and swerved wildly when run. The Minic breakdown Lorry actually had two clockwork motors – one for driving the wheels and another for powering the crane.

Pre-war

While Meccano Ltd.'s early Dinky Toys were were designed to be cast from a minimum number of parts and therefore tended not to change too much (since new moulds required an expensive retooling process), the early Minic range (constructed from stamped, folded and painted tinplate) was more prone to gradual evolutionary changes, as individual stamping tools became worn out and replaced, producing a range of very minor differences in physical detailing. However, it's common to crudely classify early Minics as "pre-war" or "post-war", with the definition of "post-war" sometimes stretched to include variations that might have appeared in the very late 1930s (~1939-ish onwards).

In brief, the pre-war sequence was:

  • Initial Minics – white tyres and no transfers on the commercial vehicles.
  • Transfers, and small red folded rectangular "Shell" petrol cans attached to the sides of most vehicles, usually on one side of the running-board. The petrol cans were a nice distinctive touch, ad helped to visually unify the range, even though their presence was perhaps a little outdated. Tyres still white.
  • Tyres now black, petrol cans still present.
  • Black tyres, petrol cans now removed.
  • Some camouflage - painted vehicles appeared with WW2, usually distinguished by a "CF" in the model range.

Post-war

Many of the commercial vehicles were updated from having "long bonnets" to a newer design of cab with a flat front (introduced on real lorries for better visibility). The long-nosed ambulance announced before the WW2 shutdown didn't appear until after the war, with a flat-fronted cab. A few parts were replaced with plastic, such as the roller on the steamroller model.

Some new "No.1" Minics appeared with moulded plastic bodies, and some of the plastic Frog Penguin range migrated into the Minic lineup.

No.2 range

Also appearing in the 1950 and '51 catalogues was a new larger-scale range of vehicles, mostly plastic-bodied, but with a few (like the Jeep) made from steel plate.

The "No.2" Minics had model numbers starting at "200"

00 Minics

The "tiny" 00-scale Minics started being advertised in 1954, with harder plastic bodies

In the Museum

Because the Minic vehicles were originally intended to complement other "gauge 0" pieces, we've displayed them in their natural habitat rather than keeping them in a separate cabinet - all the vehicles scattered around the Museum's large central gauge 0 layout (over sixty in total) are Triang Minics, as are the cars decorating the "Building Sets 2" cabinet.

1M: £100 Ford Saloon, green, white tyres ... 1M: £100 Ford Saloon, green, black tyres ... 1M: £100 Ford Saloon, blue, black tyres, shell petrol can ... 3M: Post Office Van, all red, white tyres 3M ... 4M: Sports Saloon, red, white tyres ... 7M: Town Coupé, light grey, white tyres ... 12M: Open Roof Car, red, black tyres ... 16M: Caravan, all green, black tyres ... 16M: Caravan, white top, red bottom, black tyres ... 16M: Caravan, white top, red bottom, black tyres ... 18M: Vauxhall Town Coupé, blue, black tyres ... 19M: Vauxhall Cabriolet, black, red stripe bottom, white tyres ... 21M CF: Army Van, camouflage colour, black tyres CF ... 21M: Transport van, green front, red back, black tyres ... 22M: Carter Paterson Van, red front, green back, white tyres ... 22M: Carter Paterson and Pickfords Van, red front, green back, black tyres ... 23M: Tip Lorry, grey front, red back, black tyres, shell petrol can ... 24M: Luton Transport Van, green back, green front, black tyres ... 29M: Traffic Control Car, black, black tyres ... 32M: Dust Cart, red back, green front, black tyres ... 33M: Steamroller, green, wooden tyres ... 33M: Steamroller, green, plastic tyres ... 34M: Tourer with Passengers, green, with people, white tyres 34M ... 35M: Taxi, blue, black tyres ... 35M: Taxi, blue, black tyres ... 35M: Taxi, blue, black tyres ... 35M: Taxi, blue, black tyres ... 35M: Taxi, blue, black tyres ... 39M: Taxi, green, black tyres ... 39M: Open Roof Car, green, black tyres ... 39M: Taxi, grey, white tyres ... 39M: Taxi, red, black tyres ... 39M: Taxi, green, white tyres ... 40M: Articulated Lorry, grey front, green back, black tyres, with pantechnicon/brokehouse ... 42M: Rolls Type Sedanca, open roof car, pale pink, white tyres ... 45M: Open Roof Car (Sunshine Saloon), green, black tyres ... 47M: Rolls Type Sunshine saloon, open roof car, brown, white tyres ... 48M: Breakdown Lorry, red front, green back, black tyres ... 48M: Breakdown Lorry, red front, green back, white tyres ... 49M: Army Searchlight Lorry, dark green, red highlights, black tyres ECF ... 52M: Single-Decker Bus, red bottom, white top, white tyres ... 52M: Green Line Single Decker Bus, green, black tyres ... 52M: Routemaster Green Line Single Decker Bus, green, black tyres ... 54M: Traction Engine and Trailer, green, green trailer, disk, postwar (without trailer 44M) ... 60M: Bus, red, white top, white tyres, II version ... 60M: Bus, red, white strips, black tyres, II version ... 60M: Bus, red, white strips, black tyres, I version ... 60M: Bus, red, white strips, black tyres, I version ... 60M: Bus, red, white strips, black tyres, I version ... 60M: Double Decker Bus, red, cream stripe, black tyres, II version ... 62M: Ambulance, white, smallish red cross, black tyres ... 62ME: Fire Truck, red, black tyres... 64M: Double Decker Bus, green, white tyres ... 64M: Double Decker Bus, green, white tyres ... 71M: Dairy Truck, white back, green front, black tyres ... 72M: Barrel Lorry, red back green front, black tyres ... 73M: Cable Lorry, green back, red front, black tyres ... 78M: American Jeep, dark green, black tyres, late version ... 79M: G.W.R.Van, all brown, white top, black tyres ... 80M: L.M.S Van, front very, very, very dark brown, back is: top black, bottom extremely dark brown, black tyres ... 81M: L.N.E.R. Transport Van, all blue, black tyres ... 82M: Southern Railway Delivery Van, all green, black tyres ... 103M: Shutter Van, all blue, black tyres ... 114M: Articulated Lorry, red front, green carrier, red and white boat ... 119M: Barrel Holder, green, black tyres ...

See also:

Further reading

  • Peter Bartok, The Minic Book (New Cavendish Books, 1987) ISBN 0904568490
  • Sue Richardson, MINIC: Lines Bros Tinplate Vehicles (Mikansue 1981) ISBN 0904338010

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Pages in category ‘Minic Vehicles’

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