Category:Bing

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Toy Brands and Manufacturers

Bing logo, GBN, 1902.jpg
Bing logo, GBN Bavaria.jpg
Bing logo, BW, Bing Werke 1924-.jpg

Bing

1860s - 1933



German marques
Bing - Bub - Carette - Märklin - Steiff

The German toymaker Bing of Nuremberg was founded by Ignaz and Adolf Bing, and started making toys in Nuremburg in the early 1860's, officially incorporating as a manufacturer in 1895. The company grew rapidly between 1895 and 1914, and in the lead-up to WW1, the firm employed over 5000 people.

The company initially went under the name Gebrüder Bing (Bing Brothers) and by the initials GBN (for Gebrüder Bing, Nürnberg), and after the death of Ignaz at around the end of WW1, switched to the name Bing Werke (BW).

Bing was a staggeringly prolific toymaker, and by 1928, it was one of Germany’s leading toy manufacturers, with annual sales of around 27 million Deutschmarks that year. However, the trade depression that resulted in the Wall Street crash proved to be disastrous for Bing, and many of the firm's assets were taken over by Karl Bub, a rival manufacturer.

Big "BW" logo deeply embossed into the base of a gauge 0 model lumber truck

Range

As well as producing their own range of toy trains, track and trackside accessories and buildings, and manufacturing for Bassett-Lowke, Bing also produced toy boats, ships, cars and trams, as well as magic lantern equipment and slides, optical equipment, electric and steam motors and components, hot air engines, induction coils and other experimental electrical equipment including Gessler and Rontgen tubes, dynamos, powered fountains, science kits, and early telephone equipment.

Bing also made boats, from about 1890 – 1914.

Model railways

In the UK, Bing were perhaps best known for their early model railways, and Bing were one of the first companies in the world to produce toy trains that ran on track. Bing's early locomotives were very Germanic-looking, but a meeting in 1900 between W.J. Bassett-Lowke and Stefan Bing resulted in Bassett-Lowke's company importing Bing trains to the UK (repainted in "correct colours" for UK train companies), and also resulted in W.J. producing a design for a more English-looking locomotive for Bing to manufacture.

The close working relationship between the two companies (and exchange of information) continued to develop until it was disrupted by the outbreak of World War One.

Bing's teddybears and dolls

After adding teddy bears to its production lines in the early 1900's, Bing soon introduced clockwork mechanisms into these bears, with a wind-up key at the side or front. Soon, rollerskating, somersaulting and "footballer" bears were introduced to Bing’s lines.

Steiff claimed that Bing’s 1910 somersaulting bear copied their 1909 "Purzel-Bär", and the resulting lawsuit lasted for four years (1911-1915). Bing initially used a button-in-ear trademark, but Steiff took action against this, which led to Bing replacing the button with a metal arrow fixed under the ear. This was later replaced by a metal button under the arm – on condition that the word “button” was not used in the trademark.

A similar situation occurred around the same time with Bing's range of dolls, which seemed to be copies of the successful Käthe Kruse dolls – Bing didn't seem to realise that the designs were someone's intellectual property, re-used them, and were then forced legally to back down.

Bing Table Railway

Bing introduced its Miniature Table Railway in 1922, and helped to launch new, smaller "half gauge 0" sized model trains. These models included rolling stock, track and accessories such as signals, signal boxes, level crossings and stations. The first miniature locomotives were driven by clockwork, and by 1925, electric versions were available.

Trix Express and TTR

The good working relationship between W.J. Bassett-Lowke and Stefan Bing survived the failure of Gebruder Bing, and when Stefan further developed the idea of half-scale tabletop railways within his own new company, Trix, Bassett-Lowke imported the trains and supplied localised designs and bodyshells for the UK market. With the rise of antisemitism in Germany, Stefan moved to the UK, and the Trix Express range was replaced by the Trix Twin Railway range (TTR), now manufactured in the UK, largely at B-L's Winteringham plant.

Foundation dates

Different sources give different dates for the start of the Bing brothers' company. German sources tend to give 1866 as the date of the foundation of Gebruder Bing in Nuremburg, the "Ace Editions" 1906 catalogue reprint says that Bing started in 1863 as retailers, but didn't start manufacturing tin toys until the 1880s.

References

  • 1898 Bing toy catalogue
  • The 1906 Bing Toy Catalogue, reprint, (New Cavendish Books 1991) ISBN 0904568520
  • Bing Die Modellbahnen unserer Grossväter / Granddad's Model Railways: The fascinating history of an early Model Railway manufacturer and its production from 1866 to 1933 (-1966) (Verlag Eisenhbahn, 1972) ISBN 3856490175red cover, includes catalogue reproductions from 1882 onwards
  • Bing Metall Spielwaren / Metal Toys 1927-1932 (Verlag Eisenbahn, 1986) ISBN 3856491236

Further reading

  • Jack Tempest, Collecting Tin Toys with foreword by Andrew Hilton (Collins 1987), ISBN 0004122755
  • Gwen White, Toys, Dolls, Automata – Marks and Labels (B.T. Batsford Ltd, London, 1975, reprinted 1985), ISBN 0731429569
  • Pauline Cockrill, The Teddy Bear Encyclopedia (Dorling Kindersley 1993, 2001), ISBN 0751333913

External links

Pages in category ‘Bing’

The following 78 pages are in this category, out of 78 total.

Media in category ‘Bing’

The following 84 files are in this category, out of 84 total.